I have been fortunate enough to have been able to publish my illustrations in a few books and academic papers ranging from journal articles on animal coloration to a flash flood management manual. My next upcoming publication is Unterweg, a children’s book by Renate Straetling about soil scientists on a road trip in 2236. Take a look at my publications linked below and feel free to get in contact if you are interested in contracting me or collaborating!

Aposematism in Mammals

Howell, Natasha, et al. “Aposematism in Mammals.” Evolution, vol. 75, no. 10, 2021, pp. 2480–2493.,

This paper examines the various reasons why some mammalian species such as skunks, badgers, and pandas are black and white. If focus on the ways that black and white coloration is used to signal to potential predators that an attack may be dangerous and/or poisonous.


On the Evolution of Distinctive Natal Coat Coloration in Primates

Caro, Tim, et al. “On the Evolution of Distinctive Natal Coat Coloration in Primates.” American Journal of Biological Anthropology, vol. 177, no. 3, 2022, pp. 530–539.,

Why are so many primate newborns coloured differently from adults for their first weeks of life? This paper argues that rather than to induce allomothering or to confuse paternity, these neonate-specific colourations are adaptations to protect against infanticide, (a practice common across many primate species), by communicating to the mother to frontend resource investment in the infant to quickly get it through its most vulnerable period of life.


Aposematism and Mimicry in Birds

Hedley, Esme, and Tim Caro. “Aposematism and Mimicry in Birds.” Ibis, vol. 164, no. 2, 2021, pp. 606–617.,

This paper is a literature review looking at how birds use coloration patterns to ward off predators. It draws upon examples of aposemitry as an advertisement of distastefulness as well as competitive mimicry.


The Evolution of Primate Coloration Revisited

Caro, Tim, et al. “The Evolution of Primate Coloration Revisited.” Behavioral Ecology, vol. 32, no. 4, 2021, pp. 555–567.,

This large invited review explores the diverse reasons for the varied colourations of primates. These range from camouflage and aposematism to the advertisement of sexual receptivity. Other findings include diurnal primates being more colorful than nocturnal ones, darker species living in warmer more humid conditions (Gloger’s rule), and the possibility that diverse colouration is negatively associated with female trichromatic vision.


Deltares Community Disaster Preparedness & Response Plan and Community Risk Reduction Plan

Stichting, Deltares. Deltares TOOLKIT for Developing Community Disaster Preparedness & Response Plan and Community Risk Reduction Plan, World Bank, New York, NY, 2021.

This toolkit was prepared as a part of the Development of Community Disaster Preparedness & Response Plans and Community Risk Reduction Plans in Dar es Salaam project under the World Bank’s Tanzania Urban Resilience Program. It is designed to provide step-by-step guidance to local leaders and ward-level administrators on the development, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of these two projects. It also concludes with a full-length poster for project purposes.


2022 Wildlife of Brandenburg Calendar

I made this calendar of the wildlife of Brandenburg, the region surrounding Berlin, to highlight the diverse origin of the area's biodiversity as well as to support their conservation, (20% of the profits generated through the sale of these calendars are donated to Stiftung Naturlandschaften Brandenburg, an organization working to re-wild parts of the region). Some of the species illustrated in the calendar have inhabited the forests of Brandenburg for thousands of years while others are newcomers, only just arrived. Every month includes a season-specific illustration as well as a short description of the species’ history and behavior.